Argument: Claims, Reasons, Evidence
P olicy claims are those that seek to change people's attitudes and behaviors toward a particular issue. T o evaluate a claim, to judge the merits of writer's point of view, readers must consider two different issues:. F or example, given a factual claim, one would think about quality of the data that supports the claim.
W hen evaluating a policy claim, readers must consider the source of the sense of obligation that the writer is hoping to create. Readers must ask if the writer's proposed policy change is really necessary and is truly the right change to make. T o evaluate a value claim, the reader needs to consider the personal, social, and cultural influences and biases that each of us carries with us.
Evaluating a value claim often entails comparing your personal set of beliefs with those of the writer.
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Reasons are statements of support for claims, making those claims something more than mere assertions. Reasons are statements in an argument that pass two tests:.
If reasons do not make sense in the hypothetical challenge or the 'because' tests, there is probably something wrong with the logic of the argument. Passing those tests, however, does not insure that arguments are sound and compelling. Evidence serves as support for the reasons offered and helps compel audiences to accept claims.
Evidence comes in different sorts, and it tends to vary from one academic field or subject of argument to another. Scientific arguments about global warming require different kinds of evidence than mealtime arguments about Paul Newman's movies.
How To Write A Claim Of Value Essay
Evidence answers challenges to the reasons given, and it comes in four main types:. Specific instances include examples, case studies, and narratives.
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Each can be an effective mode of building support for a reason or claim. In a public speech, they offer audiences a way to see an idea illustrated in a particular case. To be effective, specific instances need to be representative of the broader trend or idea they are supporting.
Related thesis types of claims
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